Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are defined as “infections that occur during a hospital admission, for which there is no evidence that it was present or incubating at admission,  and
that meets body site-specific criteria”. They are the cause of costly infections with a mortality rate varying from 5% to 35%. Recommendations have been issued from professional and national agencies to focus on the prevention of HAIs however,  healthcare professional do not always adhere to guidelines, or to quality improvement interventions to prevent device related infections in these vulnerable patients.Key findings
?  Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are caused by invasive use of medical devices such as central lines, urinary catheters, mechanical ventilators,  and poor adherence to aseptic
techniques during insertion and care of the device, as well as the duration of use of the device
?  Guidelines focusing on the prevention of HAIs are often not respected
?  Educational interventions involving more than one active element and that are repeatedly administered overtime, and interventions employing specialised personnel, who are focused on an aspect of care can be effective in changing medical staff behaviour to avoid patients’ deaths cased by HAIs.