Key messages
?  Some  reviews  reported  successes  of  e-health  programs  in Low-  and  Middle  Income  Countries  (LMIC),   with  benefits for practitioner performance and patient outcomes.
?  Poor  data  quality  limits  the  impact  of  Information  and Communication  Technology  (ICT)  projects  in  developing countries,  and  cases  of  failure  most  often  stemmed  from generic differences between the designers and the users.
?  A  basic  conceptual  framework  for  the  e-health infrastructure  in  any  country  has  been  developed  by  the International  Society  for  Telemedicine  and  e-Health (ISfTeH).