Most tobacco control programmes for adolescents are based on prevention of uptake, but teenage smoking is still common. It is unclear if interventions that are effective for adults can also help adolescents to quit smoking. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2006.
• There is limited evidence that either behavioural support or smoking cessation medication increases the proportion of young people that stop smoking in the long-term.
• Medications such as nicotine replacement and bupropion were not successful with adolescents, and some adverse events were reported, although these events were generally mild.