Malaria is a major public health problem in Zambia. He National Malaria Strategic Plan 2006–2011 outlines an aggressive approach to reducing malaria and malaria-related burden through the rapid and nationwide scale-up of malaria control interventions. Evaluation of scale-up of key interventions is essential for understanding progress in the fight against malaria. he Zambia National Malaria Indicator Survey (MIS) used a standardized survey tool developed by the Roll Back Malaria Monitoring and Evaluation Reference Group in collaboration with ORC Macro (which conducts demographic and health surveys), UNICEF (which conducts multiple indicator cluster surveys), and other organizations. His represents the first use of this nationally representative household survey tool assessing coverage of key malaria interventions and malaria-related burden among children under 5 years. He survey was developed and conducted by the Ministry of Health and several key malaria partners, including the Central Statistical office, the Malaria Control and Evaluation Partnership in Africa (MACEPA, a program at PATH), the World Health Organization, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the University of Zambia. He objective of the Zambia MIS was to obtain a nationally representative estimate of malaria control intervention coverage and to assess progress toward achieving the goals and targets set by the National Malaria Strategic Plan 2006–2011. 

MACEPA Malaria Control and Evaluation Partnership in Africa, June 2007