Worldwide, viagra the primary cause of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in children is mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). MTCT of HIV can occur during pregnancy, physician around the time of delivery, or through breastfeeding. Great strides have been made in reducing MTCT during pregnancy and around the time of delivery. However, without intervention a significant proportion of children born to HIV-infected mothers acquire HIV through breastfeeding.

Key findings
- Antiretroviral prophylaxis during breastfeeding, administered to the mother or HIVexposed infant is efficacious in reducing mother-to-child transmission of HIV.
- Extended nevirapine alone or (14 weeks) with reduces the risk of HIV infection at 24 months in infants compared to single dose nevirapine plus one week of zidovudine
- Triple antiretroviral prophylaxis during pregnancy and breastfeeding reduces the risk of HIV transmission or death at 12 months when compared to a short regimen.
- Extended nevirapine for 6 weeks compared to single dose nevirapine reduces the risk of HIV infection or death at 6 months